Saturday, August 27, 2016

Cow at home

I had two cows in the farm and the traditional one was brought to home recently since looking after them became difficult after they gave birth. It was excitement at home to receive them, since this is the first time we are having cow/calf at home. We were not well prepared, since shed was having problems, sides were open, ground had no slope, no place for them to feed the grass/hay...

Slowly all of these problems got solved..Finally milking was a problem, since she does not allow and just kicks, some times sideways. I was scared how to handle it...finally put a bamboo pole and then tied her one leg and my wife calmed her by holding and I could milk..Suddenly we had lot of cowdung at home..instead of piling it, thought of using it completely so that premises will remain clean. Made slurry by mixing water and applied to all the vegetables ..and they are growing quite nicely...Initially almost daily I put the cowdung slurry, later reduced the frequency. People say, the microbes in the cowdung makes the land fertile, anyway the effect is magical. Here are some photos..






Thursday, June 30, 2016

Pureria Javanica (Tropical Kudzu) cover crop - update

I have been experimenting with Pureria Javanic (Tropical Kudzu) as a cover crop in some parts of the farm. Many people had warned me about this, since it is quite invasive and climbs all over the saplings. Because of this warnings, I tried it on some plots in a controlled manner. One advantage is they establish well, even if you just plant a few plants and they produce lot of bio-mass. But as people had warned, they just climbs all over and small saplings won't be seen at all. I am still doubtful, but was happy that they provide lot of mulching material and also cutting them using scythe is quite an easy task.

Some pictures....




It has established so well, initially thought it will be a difficult task, but it was a smooth operation with Scythe...



Tapioca plants coming well




Friday, June 24, 2016

No-till experiments

Kept aside one paddy field for no-till experiments, may be around 0.2 acre. It has full of weeds, broadcasted around 3 Kgs of cowpea and cut the grass and mulched. I used Scythe for this and my helper used his bill hook. It took around 3-4 hours to clear the field.

Once the cow pea is established plan is to grow rice in no-till.




30-June-2016

Cowpea has germinated and started growing.. not very thick, hope they will cover the whole field




8-Aug-2016

Cowpea not established well...direct seeding causes lot of seed loss...According to Eric Koperek, it can be upto 90%?? ...so seed ball is the way to go...and also watering at the initial stage should be good so that all seeds germinate well...



11-Aug-2016



Tuesday, June 21, 2016

Rice cultivation - Monsoon season 2016

This year monsoon started by around June 6th and some pre-monsoon showers were there by May 2nd week. But monsoon is not picking up the speed, it is just one or two rains, but climate is coludy and cool. It is raining well in South, but in Palakkad heavy rains are missing....what could be the reason???

While talking to some lady workers they mentioned about a farmer in nearby location who uses a machine to put seeds in straight line and it works very well for him. His name was Appukuttan and locality was Kurukkan Kulumbu, and could locate him easily. Saw the drum seeder and later asked him if he can rent it for a day, and he has agreed.

According to his advice, put seeds in water for 36 hours and then leave it for germination for a day.  Field is readied by using tractor, same old Mohanan came and did the ploughing using gauge wheel.

18-June-2016


Horse gram growing well and some glyrecedia cuttings from side also dumped as green manure



In one part of the field, rice from previous harvest is growing...may be this can be nurtured to a crop?



23-June-2016

Seeded using a drum seeder given by the neighbor for this trial. Line distance becomes 20 cm and in each line around 8-10 seeds fall at around 10cm. There should not be water in the field, but this condition was not met in all parts, water had to be drained in advance, taking small channels from where ever water had collected. The operation is quite smooth, and looks to be the ideal way for sowing seeds. Also there should not be rain for couple of days, so it looks like, this should be attempted before the heavy rain starts.




30-June-2016

Rice seedlings are growing....germination rate is good and line is also fine, except some areas...water had to be drained completely before sowing...weeds started growing..next challenge is weed control...






8-July-2016

Lines are becoming more visible...some places rice plants are missing, they will be repaired from a nursery maintained....



24-July-2016




11-Aug-2016

weeding completed..not much rain, so watering from pond on alternate days...




Farm in start of rainy season - 2016

This time summer showers came towards may 2nd week and monsoon started around on June 6th. But heavy rains are still missing in Palakkad, while in southern parts of Kerala there is good rain.


Weeds cleared using Scythe, this area still need more interplanting..only a few glyrecedia's exists...


Cocoa and glyrecedia...


Banana circle, this one is doing good..


Cocoa, papayas and mango tree...this mango is having excellent taste...don't know the variety






moringa cutting coming up very well...

Mango variety Neelam...this one comes very late and ripens in rainy season...but no worms, tastes good



Wednesday, June 1, 2016

An interesting rice cultivation experiment

The article about this rice experiment came in a magazine called 'Ore Bhoomi Ore Jeevan' (One Earth One Life), which is a monthly in Malayalam for environmental conservation.

Article was written by an organic farmer K.Basheer, Sujeevanam, Mannarkkad,Kerala. He came to this observation when they were cultivating  a traditional variety of rice called 'Cheru vellari' in Abhayam, a charitable trust run by Mr. Krishnan for old people.

They got the seeds of 'Cheru Vellari' from Malappuram. It is a red rice, with 120 days of duration and reaches a height of 3-4 feets. After the first crop when there were going to till it for next crop, they saw rice is again growing from the left over. Then they just left it and applied some cow dung and they got a very good yield from the 2nd crop than the previous one. First time it was around 1600Kgs of paddy.

After this crop, they left all the straw back and observed that rice is growing back again and they left it as it is and got a good yield again.

They are at the 5th crop now, and after the rain the rice plants are growing, has to wait for another 3-4 months to know the results.

It says that, lot of traditional rice varieties has this property of ratooning and we can get another crop from the previous one.

Some photos taken on 19-June-2016


There is regrowth from previous cut plants and also there are new plants from fallen seeds